3D printing

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Perfect Ender 3 PLA Profile:
 Printing Temperature: 200 °C
 Bed Temperature: 60 °C
 Speed: 50 mm/s
 Layer height: 0.12 mm
 Retraction: 6 mm @ 25 mm/s
 Infill: 20%
 Initial Layer Speed: 20 mm/s
 Initial Fan Speed: 0%


One of the most important settings is temperature. An incorrect temperature setting can cause over or under-extrusion, curling, 
and blobs or zits. Most PLA filaments require at least 180 °C for smooth extrusion and can stretch  up to 220 °C before over-extrusion becomes a problem.
Ideal temperatures vary between materials (ABS: 220-250 °C, PETG: 220-245 °C), 
but the brand of filament can also make a difference. When trialing a new filament, 
it’s a great idea to print a temperature tower. In general, we 
find 200 °C a great average temperature for PLA.
Remember: only change one setting at a time when calibrating your printer.
PLA: 200 °C
ABS: 230 °C
PETG: 240 °C

Bed temperature

The bed temperature also depends greatly on your material. PLA doesn’t actually require heating (but still benefits from it), 
especially if you use something for bed adhesion, like blue painters tape, hairspray, or glue. 
Ideally, your bed temperature should always be higher than the ambient room temperature.
Bed temperature for ABS should be significantly higher than for PLA, around 110 °C. If you’ll be using your Ender 3 for ABS, 
then you’ll also probably need to build an enclosure to eliminate excess cooling and prevent warping 
and layer splitting.
PLA: 50 °C
ABS: 110 °C
PETG: 70 °C


Finding your perfect print speed is all about balancing the total time per job with print quality. 
As your print speed increases, unfortunately, your print quality drops. 
This is because a slower-moving hot end on finer details is much less likely to mess something up. 
On the other hand, nobody wants to wait two weeks for a single print.
On average, most users print PLA between 45 mm/s and 65 mm/s. 
You can increase this speed by utilizing OctoPrint and alternative firmware such as Klipper or Marlin. 
We’d recommend a starting speed of 60 mm/s, and decreasing the setting for prints requiring a greater level of detail.
Flexible materials must be printed significantly slower. A print speed of 20 mm/s to 40 mm/s 
should drastically heighten your chances of success.
PETG is slightly more stringy than PLA, and to combat this, 
you may want to drop your print speed by 20 mm/s or so. 30 to 55 mm/s works well. 
It’s best to start on the lower end of the scale and work up.
ABS requires roughly the same print speed as PLA. 45 mm/s to 65 mm/s is ideal.
For larger prints that require less detail, you can raise the print speed on your Ender 3 up to 120 mm/s.
Travel speed can be increased to 150 mm/s without any issue.
PLA: 60 mm/s
Flexible materials (e.g. TPU): 30 mm/s
PETG: 40 mm/s
ABS: 60 mm/s
Travel Speed: 150 mm/s

Layer height

Layer height could be renamed detail, and the outcome would be the same. 
Halving the layer height doubles the print resolution. By halving the layer height, 
you’re fitting twice as many layers into a single print.
The inverse to greater resolution is significantly slower print times. 
Finding the perfect combination of print speed vs layer height is essential to high-quality prints in lower time frames.
Layer height can be broken down into “magic numbers”. Magic numbers are essentially layer heights that work best on the Ender 3:
0.24 mm
0.20 mm
0.16 mm
0.12 mm
0.08 mm
You’ll notice that the magic numbers are all multiples of 0.04 mm. 
Simply put, this is because the Z-axis stepper motor on the Ender 3 will raise the hot end 0.04 mm per step.
Fine detail, slow: 0.12 mm
Coarse detail, fast: 0.20 mm